Phonics & Spelling
In Year 1, children revisit phase three and move through a progression of lessons until they reach the end of phase five, occassionally starting phase 6 in the summer 2nd half term. From phase six, children then work through Pathways to Spell which follows the National Curriculum objectives. Teachers match activities to the needs of all children in the class. Phonics is also a focus for guided reading sessions in KS1 to consolidate their learning and apply what they have been taught.
Understanding key vocabulary related to phonics:
Pathways to Spell
Pathways to Spell is an innovative and engaging programme to fascinate pupils about words. It is a research-based series of lessons following a Review, Explain, Practise, Apply and Reflect model. The programme aims to develop a school of spellers who use a series of strategies in lessons and, crucially, in their independent writing. There is a cycle of review objectives covering the whole curriculum to ensure gaps in learning are constantly revisited allowing to ensure pupils can ‘keep up’ and not ‘catch up’. Pathways to spell includes inclusive lessons for all pupils, supports teacher subject knowledge and is fully resourced. It ensures weekly teaching of spelling objectives and development of a whole school approach to word transcription, vocabulary development and proofreading
Key elements of Pathways to Spell:
- Covers the whole national curriculum.
- Pedagogically sound and evidence-based.
- Multi-sensory approach.
- Fully resourced to support within lessons and beyond.
- Builds phonemic, orthographic, morphological and etymological knowledge.
- Builds teacher and pupil confidence
- Develops a range of independent spelling strategies to apply beyond spelling lessons.
- Fully resourced to support within the lesson and beyond.
- Develops a school of spellers.
In Pathways to Spell, pupils will develop key knowledge about words and the way in which the English language is made up.
- Phonemic knowledge – the understanding of sounds and grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPCs) to represent words
- Orthographic knowledge – the letters or groups of letters that are used to represent words including the look of a word, letter shapes and the order
- Morphological knowledge – the meaning of the word or the meaning of each component in a word. A morpheme being the smallest unit of meaning in a word
- Etymological awareness – the origins of words and their meanings e.g. knowledge that chef is a word which is French in origin helps you to learn to spell it with ch rather than sh
As a result of this programme children are excited and fascinated by words through investigation of patterns and links between words. Each lesson is underpinned with spoken language and collaborative learning is always valued and encouraged. Every child is able to access each lesson due to its multi-sensory approaches and the presence of support and challenge.